The International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
During the conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990’s, reports described horrible crimes, in which thousands of civilians were being killed or wounded, tortured or sexually abused and hundreds of thousands expelled from their homes. These reports and news caused outrage across the globe and urged the United Nations Security Council to act.
As a response to the ongoing conflict and crimes of war, The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) established by the United Nations in May 1993. The Tribunal dealt with war crimes in response to mass atrocities taking place in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina at that time. The ICTY was the first international war crimes tribunal since the Tokyo and Nuremberg tribunals and during its mandate, which lasted until 2017, it undeniably changed the landscape of international humanitarian law. The cases addressed by the Tribunal provided an opportunity to the victims in order to voice the horrors they witnessed and experienced. It also proved that suspects of bearing the greatest responsibility for war crimes committed during an armed conflict can be called to account. Last but not the least, the Tribunal has proved that efficient and transparent international justice is not impossible to achieve.
During the conference, the participants are going to have the chance to evaluate a case that falls under the jurisdiction of the ICTY. They are going to make the judgement while encountering different aspects of the conflicts occured during 1990’s.
USG: Ayşen KÖSE
Academic Assistant: Ufuk Gazez